How to get rid of dandruff on the head, why it appears and how to treat it correctly and effectively
no One is really immune from dandruff. This irritating and sometimes embarrassing condition targets the scalp of all people, both young and old. Therefore, the question of how to get rid of dandruff concerns many people.
Before describing all possible methods of treatment, you need to understand what is dandruff? Only after you understand the problem, you can prescribe the correct treatment.
Most of us know about dandruff only that it is snow-white scales that appear on the scalp. And most importantly, they confuse many people. And you will agree that it is very ugly when white grains of dandruff fall on a black sweater.
But what can I do? How do you get your body to heal when just washing your hair doesn’t help? If you have encountered this problem, you probably understand that simple shampoos will not save you.
In fact, dandruff is more common than you think. Every person has had it at least once in their life.
It is the result of overproduction of dead skin. But there are other factors that contribute to its development. This is winter air that dries the scalp. Even your nutrition plays an important role. If there is a deficiency of certain vitamins, dandruff also appears.
This condition is also affected by aggressive chemicals. Yes, this is the bitter truth! Many popular shampoos and conditioners for hair on the contrary provoke dandruff.
But we won’t load you too much right away! Let’s start in order and gradually move on to how to get rid of dandruff?
Types and symptoms
Dandruff is of several types, each of which is formed in response to certain disorders. It can be a cosmetic problem or manifest in response to changes in the hormonal background. There are three types of dandruff:
Dryness occurs when the scalp is very dry. It is accompanied by the appearance of dry white flakes on the surface of the skin. These flakes are easy to comb out and can appear the next day after washing your hair.
Oily dandruff is a consequence of a violation of the sebaceous glands of the hairline. It appears on the second or third day after washing and has the appearance of yellow greasy scales, which are quite difficult to comb out.
Mixed has signs of dry and greasy. It manifests itself in a violation of the hormonal background, which leads to a change in the activity of the sebaceous glands.
Is it contagious?
Dandruff is not a disease, so you can’t get it. Its appearance is a reaction to skin or internal diseases. Therefore, if you come into contact with another person, you can’t get it.
How to distinguish dandruff from peeling
Normally, the epidermis exfoliates daily — this is the process of skin renewal. These scales are invisible, they can only be seen if you lower your head down and scratch the scalp with your fingers in the light. Dandruff is visible under all conditions. It has the appearance of large scales that are visible to the naked eye.
Right peeling, left dandruff
Choice of shampoos (2 home recipes)
To eliminate dandruff, shampoos should be selected with a therapeutic effect.
It is important to pay attention to the composition, which should contain components that counteract the excessive formation of white scales on the head.
- zinc pyrithione;
- of piroctone olamine;
- selenium disulfide;
- salicylic acid;
Types of detergents:
Antifungal-reduce the increased functionality of the fungus malasesia globosa.
Cystatine – slows down the cell renewal process of the epidermis.
Keratolytics-regulate sebum production.
When the hair, so, is over-dried and damaged, then detergents for dandruff can only make the situation worse. Therefore, after using them, you should apply a balm-rinse or any restorative drug.
Natural shampoos prepared independently from improvised products are the best method of quickly getting rid of dandruff at home.
How to cook them, we understand further:
Mix the following ingredients: 2 egg yolks, 40 ml of cognac or vodka, 4-5 drops of eucalyptus or rosemary ether. The resulting mixture is evenly distributed over the entire length of the strands, massage the skin a little and wash it off with water at a comfortable temperature. The recipe is suitable for the presence of oily dandruff.
Dilute 60-70 g of white powdered clay with slightly heated mineral water without gas to the consistency of sour cream. Add 1 yolk and 4 drops of lavender ether. Apply the composition to moistened hair, lightly massage with your fingers and wait for 15-20 minutes. Then wash off. This option helps to get rid of dry dandruff. In addition, there is a thorough cleansing of the pores, and the roots are intensively saturated with useful elements.
How to wash your hair properly?
to make all your actions useful, you should follow simple rules:
The water temperature should correspond to the body temperature. It is not necessary to wash your hair with hot water, as this will only contribute to the development of fungi.
Shake the shampoo, then apply it with massage movements, which continue for about 5 minutes, so that the product begins to work.
When you wash off the shampoo, rinse your head with cool water, this will narrow the blood vessels, reduce the work of the sebaceous glands.
Causes of occurrence
The main causes of dandruff:
Non-compliance with personal hygiene rules. In this case, the scalp is not cleaned well enough or often enough. This leads to the fact that the surface of the skin on the head accumulates excess sebum, which interferes with normal skin respiration and creates favorable conditions for the reproduction of pathogenic microflora. It is also possible to dry out as a result of excessive washing. Therefore, you need to wash your hair as it gets dirty.
Incorrect selection of care products. Aggressive detergents dry out the epidermis, which leads to itching and dandruff. When replacing the shampoo with a softer one, this problem completely disappears.
Recent hair coloring. The aggressive action of the coloring or bleaching compositions, the scalp can dry out, which causes the appearance of flakes of skin.
Deficiency of vitamin. If you use insufficient amounts of b vitamins, retinol and ascorbic acid, the transport of nutrients to the skin is disrupted. This leads to increased dryness, which is accompanied by the appearance of dandruff.
Circulatory disturbance. It is typical for people who abuse Smoking or those who do not protect the scalp in the cold season. Narrowing of the capillaries worsens the nutrition of the skin, which affects its condition.
Endocrine disease. With changes in the hormonal background, the activity of the sebaceous glands is disrupted. This leads to insufficient or, on the contrary, excessive work. Both conditions can cause dandruff — dry in the first case, oily in the second.
Fungal skin lesions. Normally, fungal spores live on the surface of the skin and during normal immune function, they do not manifest themselves in any way. With a decrease in immunity, the fungus may worsen, which leads to dandruff.
Chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. With pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, the process of absorption of nutrients from food is disrupted. This leads to insufficient nutrition of the skin and the appearance of dryness, flaking, dandruff, hair loss.
Autoimmune disease. When the immune system is disrupted, when immune cells begin to attack the body’s cells, dandruff can also appear. One of these diseases is psoriasis.
Please note! Only a dermatologist or trichologist can accurately determine the cause of dandruff.